Reasoning as a WOK

First off, here is the SCAVENGER HUNT/STUDY GUIDE you need to do as you read the section (pp.64-89) on Reasoning as a Way of Knowing in Chapter 2. Please post answers on your blog and check the due date for your class in Managebac.

 

GOOGLE DOC LINK (You can view, but not edit) – one idea is to copy/paste each question to your blog

Dan Ariely: Is there there a pattern to human reasoning?

http://bigthink.com/videos/dan-ariely-unravels-human-reason

Reason versus Compassion at TED

Some questions to ponder:

–       How do we reason?

–       What is the significance and power of reasoning?

–       How do we learn to reason? What tools do we use in order to reason?

–       How does reasoning differ from the other Ways of Knowing?

–       What is the role of Reason in Science and other areas of Knowledge?

–       How do we use “deductive” and “inductive” reasoning?

–       What is the difference between “validity” and “truth”?

–       How do we effectively make counter-claims?

–       How do we creatively reason?

–       How and why do we classify?

–       How do stereotypes and prejudice relate to reason?

–       What constitutes a “good reason” for belief?

VOCABULARY TERMS

ad hominem

argument ad ignorantium

belief bias

binary thinking

circular reasoning

confirmation bias

confabulation

contradiction

deduction

double standards

fallacy (logical fallacy)

induction

lateral thinking

generalizations

heuristics

loaded questions

rationalization

rhetoric

syllogism

vested interest

vicious circle / cycle

Thought Experiments- Animated Shorts

http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2011/10/19/open-university-thought-experiments/

5 Logical Fallacies that Will Prevent You from Making Good Decisions

 
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Liar Liar Cheat Cheat

Liar Card Game- Questions

The point of this exercise was to examine the nature, extent, acceptability of various kinds of deception. 

Answer the following questions on your blog:

1. Which cards did your group find easiest to place? Which did you find most difficult?

2. How similar or different was your order from that of other groups? Were there any surprises?

3. Were there cases where you’d need more information about the context before placing it?

4. How many of these forms of deception have you engaged in – be honest :) ?

5. How widespread do you think deception is in the population at large?

6. How do you define a “lie” – which of these cards would you classify as “not a lie” and why?

7. Under what circumstances, if any, is it acceptable to mislead or deceive other people? Should we tell the truth at any cost, or are other things, such as happiness, more important?

– adapted from Richard van de Lagemaat

Pam Myer at TED : How to Spot a Liar

Dan Ariely at TED: Why We Think It’s OK to Cheat (Sometimes)

Cheating: Collaboration? and Part II and Part III

Harvard University Cheating Scandal

More Thoughts on Harvard Cheating Incident (from student perspective)

NY TIMES: Cheating Epidemic (or is it a survival skill?) – Cheating in 21st c. Ed

Cheating (in school) FACT sheet